How to Pack for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro: Tips, Gear and Advice

When I started to prepare for my adventure to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, I was overwhelmed with thoughts and fears of what would happen if I didn’t have the right gear. It’s not like you can go to a store if you forgot something once you’re on the mountain or even in Tanzania for that matter. I spent a lot of time preparing myself and making sure I had ALL of the right gear, making sure I had every possible situation covered. So if you are asking yourself, “How do you even pack for a trip like this?” I’m here to help. I wish I had this list (with photos, too!) when I was packing so I hope this answers your questions and helps make packing easier.


The Porters are limited to carrying a maximum of 15 kg (35 lbs) of luggage for you. They are life savers and I really don’t know how they do it. Be sure to thank them and show your gratitude.


  • Pack light but for all seasons/conditions. You go through 5 temperate climates in just a few days. Be prepared for that.
  • LAYERS LAYERS LAYERS – Lots of layers and things you can re-wear.
  • NO COTTON – it is said that it doesn’t dry at high altitude and you don’t want to chafe. Stick with breathable and moisture wicking fabrics.
  • Pack one complete hiking outfit on the plane, including a long sleeve shirt, hiking pants, underwear, socks, and hiking boots. You can rent nearly everything but you don’t want to risk blisters ruining your whole climb.
  • Be selective in what you take with you. The less you have to carry the easier your hike it and the porters are limited to what they can carry for you.
  • Be prepared to not shower for a week, to take wet wipe baths and to squat behind rocks. Don’t worry. All the cool kids are doing it.
  • It gets cold on the first night.
  • Be prepared to wear the same thing day in and out. The air is thin and cold so you don’t (or probably won’t) sweat or stink like you normally would after a week without a shower.
  • Get a camera that is small and fits in your hip pockets of the backpack. You want easy access and don’t want to carry it or have to take off the daypack to take pictures.
  • The easiest way to keep going is to not look too far ahead. Do take in scenery but focus on one step at a time. It can be mentally exhausting to see the camp site ahead but know it is still 4 hours away. Be like the elephants and watch the feet of the person in front of you. Before you know it, you’ll reach your destination.
  • Pay for the package that has hot meals included instead of box lunches. Trust me.
  • Get a toilet tent. It is worth every penny – especially if you are a woman. Again, trust me.
  • Save your iPod battery for summit night. Music makes it SO much easier.
  • Do you wear contacts? I was worried about this but had no problem with the clean water they provided.
  • Ladies- I found putting my hair in pig-tail braids helped keep it cleaner and easier to maintain for 7 days sans shower.
  • Before you leave home make sure you can layer and wear all your clothes on top of each other: Don’t buy all small sizes and then get to the mountain and realize you can’t layer them. Big Uh Oh.
  • Don’t carry any water on the outside during summit night. It will freeze. Protect it somehow. (Insulation or clothing.)


One of the reasons that I selected Climbing Kilimanjaro as my guide company is because I was able to rent gear through them. Instead of forking over tons of money for new gear, most of which I would likely not use again or often enough to justify the cost, I opted to rent some stuff. Most guide groups offer you the option of renting gear for a small price. Added benefit – I didn’t have to pack and schlep as much (or the heavy bulky things) in my suitcases. I was worried about using someone else’s sleeping bag. I got over that real fast when it was warm.


  • Insulated Down Parka
  • Walking Poles (These were my BFF. Seriously, I don’t know how people climbed without them.)
  • Sleeping Bag: Warm, four-season sleeping bag. -15° C/ 0° F
  • Warm thick winter Gloves
  • Gaiters (apparently NOT one-size-fits all. Try these on first. Mine were too small…)
  • Balaclava
  • Sleeping pad
  • Duffel bag


  • Medium sized daypack (25-30 Liters)  *To carry only the things you need during the day like clothes, water, raincoat, warm clothing, camera and food.
  • Daypack rain shield cover-  to protect from soaking your belongings. My daypack came with one.
  • Sleeping bag liner – brought but never used.
  • Dry Sacks or plastic bags to protect equipment from rain. I had a 4 L, 8L, 16L and 32 L Sea to Summit bags to stay organized.


  • Camelbak 32 oz water bottle
  • Platypus Water Bag – Perfect and ideal so you don’t have to stop to drink.
  • Water filtering iodine chemical tablets.


  • NO COTTON. Wear fabric this is breathable, synthetic and moisture wicking.
  • Moisture wicking long sleeve tee-shirts (2)
  • Moisture wicking tee-shirts (2)
  • Moisture wicking sports bra tank (1)
  • Moisture wicking sports bra (1)
  • Long underwear pants (1)
  • Underwear



  • Waterproof hard shell jacket with hood – breathable and water-resistant.
  • Fleece pants (1) – I only wore these summit night over long underwear and under my waterproof pants
  • Hiking pants (with zippers to turn into shorts) (1)
  • Waterproof pants (1)
  • Gloves or mittens – warm, waterproof recommended
  • Medium gloves. Something warmer than glove liners but not as heavy as summit gloves for daily hiking.
  • Glove liners – thin and synthetic, to be worn under gloves for added warm and protection from frostbite
  • Knit hat
  • Balaclava
  • Sun hat with brim or Bandana ( I used bandana)


  • Ankle high supportive hiking boots (broken in)
  • Shoes for lounging around camp. You’ll want to give your feet a break. I used Keens because they were easy to slip on over socks. (Also – bring a bag to keep your dirty camp shoes in)
  • Hiking socks 3 pairs (Smartwool suggested)
  • Sock liners- 2 pairs Thin, synthetic and one size smaller. They stretch and then cause blisters.


  • Toiletries -(soap, tooth brush, toilet articles, tooth paste etc.)
  • Sun screen – didn’t use. Oops.
  • Bug spray- deet 25-50%
  • Toilet paper (you can buy travel rolls from Target or take the cardboard out of a roll and put in plastic zip lock bag)
  • Headlamp and batteries
  • Sunglasses – UV protection
  • Camera
  • Extra memory card
  • Extra batteries for camera & headlamp (leave extra batteries in a pair of socks to keep warm.)Batteries don’t do well in the cold and high altitude. Also, check the camera specs before you go to be prepared. You don’t want to have a surprise when you get to the top as you probably won’t want to climb to the summit again just to get that snapshot.
  • High energy snacks – trail mix, cliff bars, chocolate bars or m&m’s
  • Vagina wipes
  • Wet wipes for hygiene and cleaning –  more than you think you need. then add more. You don’t need expensive camping brand. $1.99 Wet Ones from Target will work.
  • Cotton Q-tips
  • Anti-itch cream for bug bites. FYI the mosquitoes are enormous!
  • iPod- but save your battery for summit night.
  • Small unbreakable travel mirror
  • Face Wash – I found it easiest to use Neutragena Face Wipes
  • Quick Dry Towel (optional)
  • Plastic bag for trash – You cannot leave anything on the mountain but the porters can collect the trash for you
  • Sun screen and lip protection, SPF 30+
  • Ziploc bags, to protect camera, binoculars, etc. from dust
  • Contact solution & case
  • Journal and pen *It goes by in a blur and you’ll be grateful you wrote it down
  • Cards, book, etc. something to entertain yourself around the campsite
  • Money to tip porters & guides
  • Dry shampoo
  • Nalgene bottle to pee in – I cut myself off at 6pm so I didn’t have to go because at night the last thing you want to do is leave the warmness of your tent for the frigid air to pee.
  • Go Girl – pee funnel to pee into bottle.
  • No need to bring makeup.
  • Deodorant
  • Baby powder to help keep feet dry (optional)
  • Sterile needles (Optional – in case you need an injection and don’t trust the hygiene conditions)
  • Panty liners to keep underwear cleaner longer (suggested)
  • Did you get all your shots needed to enter the country? Visit CDC website
  • I brought Just In Case Meds: Ciprofloxacin (travelers diarrhea & bladder infection) and Azithromycin (aka Z-pack)


  • Advil – Heard this helps with AMS too. Took 2 every morning and never ached or got sick.
  • First-aid kit that includes bandages, tape, blister kit, antibacterial cream, antibiotics for travelers’ diarrhea, antimalarials, antihistamines, cold and flu medications, throat lozenges, and altitude medications.
  • Blister kit – with tape, Neosporin and Band-Aids (both regular and blister Band-Aids) I used this even as preventative measures.
  • Pepto Bismol
  • Immodium for anti-diarrhea
  • Malaria tablets – I took generic Malarone
  • Diamox (Acetazolamide)-Used to prevent/combat altitude sickness. I took generic brand and had no symptoms of AMS. There were 4 of us that climbed together, 3 took meds 1 didn’t. The one girl was fine until summit night. She was the only one who got sick. Down fall to it – it is a diarrhetic so it makes you pee more. I cut myself off from drinking water at 6pm so I didn’t have to leave my tent in the bitter cold to pee and it worked like a charm.

PAPERWORK  (I Used 4L water proof Sea to Summit bag to protect passport, money and valueables)

  • Airline ticket
  • Passport
  • Visa
  • Prescriptions
  • Yellow fever certificate (if required)
  • Proof of travel insurance
  • Medical insurance
  • Medical Evacuation insurance

Lastly, the most important thing to bring with you is a positive mental attitude. As cheesy as that sounds, this really can be what makes it or breaks it for you to make it to the summit sign. After 5 days, I came to the top with an hour and a half left and wanted to give up but it was that belief that, “Yes I Can Do It!” that made it possible. You Can Do It!  Good luck and have fun on your journey!

If you have any questions on what to pack or what it is like, please feel free to shoot me an email. I’m excited for you to embark on this amazing life changing journey.

Did you climb? What did you bring with you that you found helpful or necessary that I didn’t list here? Please leave a note in the comment section to pass on your wisdom to other potential climbers. 

Photos are either mine or Grace Gan

Author: Caryn

Hi! My name is Caryn. I'm a midwest transplant living on the east coast. I love games, asking questions, making lists, and sunshine. I dream of someday owning an antique car, starting my own charity, and traveling the world. Welcome to my Blog!

29 thoughts on “How to Pack for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro: Tips, Gear and Advice”

  1. You are a SAVIOR. This list is awesome and perfect timing, and all your details are so, so helpful.

    Also, a pee funnel? Never heard of these but I have to pee all. the. time. and really hate getting out of my tent to go!

    OK, two (more) questions:

    1) Was it ever warm enough in the day that you only hiked in your tank?
    2) Is it cold every single night and how cold?

    I’m going a different season than you (summer there), so I wonder if that will change things at all or if the altitude means it doesn’t matter…

    1. I never wound up using the pee funnel because I planned when I stopped my liquid intake but it is worth having (with a nalgene to pee into) just in case.

      To answer your questions –
      The mountain has its own climate. What is on the mountain is irrelevant to the rest of the main land. One day I saw it blizzarding on the mountain while I stood in 90′ heat in Moshi Town.
      1)Do not plan to hike in a tank top. Plan to have a long sleeve option in your daypack to LAYER. Because you walk all day with a heavy daypack you might get warm so there might be a day (1st or 2nd day) that you wear just a tank but likely not the whole day. By the second day you are walking in the clouds and clouds are not fluffy and fun like they seem. They are COLD!
      2) Yes. Every night is cold. First night is the warmest and it gets progressively colder. It varies but I’m guessing 20-35’F but it’s not so bad if you are bundled in the tent. A few nights there was frost on the tents. I was told summit night was -10’C (about 14F).

      I should say “warmest” because no night was warm. My journal says, “Day one night is colder than I expected for day one to be and it’s only going to get colder. I’m from Chicago! I can do this!”

  2. You’re a rock star, lady.

    Also though I feel like stopping hydration could be dangerous because it’s the number one thing that helps with altitude sickness, at least that’s what they told us when we up on the mountain in Colorado at 9,000-12,000 feet. That said, I totally get why you did it because I wouldn’t want to get out of my tent either!

    1. You’re absolutely right. Being hydrated is extremely important. It helps with altitude sickness & it is important not to get dehydrated. I should clarify that I drank about 3L every day before I cut myself off so I made sure I was getting plenty of water.

  3. Hi Caryn
    Thank you for that list. I am going to climb Kilimanjaro in October on the Rongai route. I looked uo other sites and it tells you what gear you need like fleece and socks ect but not one other site tells you how many of each.
    Thank you very much for the list this helps a lot.

    1. I am glad you found it helpful! This is just my list from my personal experience and research but I am glad you found it helpful! Feel free to email me if you have any more questions!

  4. Hi!!! how u been, I would like to know, witch route did u take?, Machame route?, Lemosho route? or Marangu route? and why did u get that option? I am planing to go in February, do u think is a good season?
    Thanks for u help…

    1. I climbed Machame. We chose it because the girls in my group wanted the more scenic route. It wasn’t easy, that’s for sure. I went in October so I have no idea what it is like in Feb. I will say, make sure you do take as many days as possible to acclimate – and it is worth getting the package for hot food. Good luck!
      Here’s my post on my experience in October:

  5. Dear Caryn, Good to read from you about Kilimanjaro Climbing gears and rentals. Kindly contact via my personal email. Your ideas, suggestions and opinions will be very important for me and to the other new friends comer.

  6. Thank you so much for this post! I’m due to head out in just a few weeks and the whole thing is a little daunting. How much training did you do to prepare for the trek?

    1. Hi Emma! Thank you for reading my post! I’m glad you found it helpful. I actually didn’t do much training at all. I found it was more about the difficulty breathing from the lack of oxygen and high altitude than it was about being physically fit. Feel free to email me if you have more questions. I’m not a doctor so please consult a physician but I can talk about my own person experience and what worked for me if that helps.

  7. Awesome, thanks for all the detail! I’ve been doing a lot of browsing for what to bring to Kilimanjaro and found this site as well, They’ve put together the products from a very similar packing list into a bundle of collage form where you can purchase the items:

    Pretty neat, might be helpful for you!

  8. Cheers Caryn, this is really helpful. We are climbing in July 2015 (already booked and very excited). We’re Chicagoans too (originally England), and after last winter, i’m thinking we can handle a few cold nights. May I ask; are gaiters really necessary if we have waterproof pants and boots?

    1. Rachael,

      I’m glad you found this helpful. Chicago or not – the cold nights are colder when you’re camping for 7 days than when you’re in a cozy warm house or only outside for a few minutes. It is cozy inside the tent though! As for the gaiters – yes. I do recommend them. The rocks and mud kick up and it is a good layer of protection for your pants. I wore mine everyday.

      Good luck!

  9. This may seem a weird question but…I have a shy bowel…I’m scheduled to take a 10 day trek in August . How did you do with the number 2?

    1. When on the trail, you go behind rocks. It’s not that bad. When at the camp sites there is an out house for everyone but my group rented a toilet tent for $100. WORTH EVERY PENNY. The porters set it up and empty it for you at every site.

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